Consistency of Developmental Outcomes of 4-H Camp Experiences Over Time and Across Sites


  • Sarah Baughman Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
  • Barry A. Garst American Camp Association
  • Nicholas E. Fuhrman University of Georgia



The purpose of the reported trend study was to examine consistency in youth life skill outcomes following exposure to 4-H camp. Parents of campers ages 9 to 13 were randomly sampled in 2001, 2004, and 2007 and asked to report changes in their child’s behavior following camp. Statistical analysis indicates an overall consistency in parent reports of youth life skill development over time. Life skills that showed consistent gains over seven years and across six 4-H educational centers included an enhanced ability for youth to take care of their own things and to share work responsibilities. Multivariate statistics revealed that a standardized instrument used with parents over time can produce valid and reliable results concerning the impact of experiential learning on youth.






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