Understanding and Assessing Construct Validity of the Social Provisions Scale: Implications for Youth Development

Sarah Osmane, Mark Brennan, Patrick Dolan


Confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling was used to measure the construct validity of the increasingly utilized social provisions scale. This scale was used to measure social support sources and types among a sample of 421 youth from 4 Pennsylvania schools. The youth were surveyed to determine their levels of social support and the relationship of social support to community and youth development capacities. Research findings indicated an acceptable model fit indices for the sources of the social support model. A lower fit for the types of social support was found. Overall, the analysis further verified the reliability and validity of the social provisions scale. With this information, youth practitioners can better measure and assess social support and use the social provisions scale to tailor youth development programs to individual and group needs.


social support; youth; confirmatory factor analysis; youth development

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jyd.2021.925

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