The Role of Supervision in Youth Work: Perceptions of Students Preparing to be Youth Workers
Keywords:supervision responsibilities, risk management, supervision in youth work
Working with youth involves mentoring and guiding youth through development of their physical, emotional, intellectual, and social skills, as they become adults. One would assume a great responsibility of working with young people comes with extensive training in one particular field; however, this is not always the case (Barcelona, Hurd, & Bruggeman, 2011). The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions expressed by undergraduate students preparing for a career in youth work regarding their knowledge and competence of supervision in a park and recreation setting. It was found in the pre- and post- surveys that future youth workers believe they are confident in supervision. There was statistically significant difference in confidence levels and abilities to take a supervisory role. In addition, students indicated significant growth in their confidence and ability to properly follow risk management procedures. Furthermore, three themes emerged: first, future youth workers welcome the challenge and responsibility of supervision duties; second, risk management is important to future youth workers; and third, future youth workers want to engage in supervision responsibilities and practices. The findings of the study suggest future youth workers may not realize the gravity of their decisions to combat issues of victimization among youth participants or may not fully understand what it looks like to be negligent as it relates to supervision responsibilities.
Ammon, R. & Unruh, N. (2007). Crowd management. In D. J. Cotten, & J. T. Wolohan (Eds.), Law for Recreation and Sport Managers (4th) (pp. 334-341). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing.
Appenzeller, H. (2005). Risk management in sport: Issues and strategies (2nd ed.). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.
Barcelona, R. J., Hurd, A. R., & Bruggeman, J. A. (2011). A competency-based approach to preparing staff as recreation and youth development leaders. New Directions in Youth Development, 130, 121-139.
Christian, C. & Kitto, J. (1987). The Theory and Practice of Supervision. London: YMCA National College.
Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Creswell, J. W., Plano Clark, V. L., Gutmann, M. L., & Hanson, W. E. (2003). Advanced mixed methods research designs. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research (pp. 209–240). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Crews, R. (April, 2005). University of Colorado at Boulder service-learning handbook: What is service-learning? Boulder: University of Colorado at Boulder.
Darlington, Y. & Scott, D. (2002). Qualitative research in practice stories from the field. Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.
Garner, P. W. & Hinton, T. S. (2010). Emotional display rules and emotion self-regulation: Associations with bullying and victimization in community-based after school programs. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 20(6), 480-496.
Gaskin, L. (2003). Supervision of participants. In D. Cotten & J. Wolohan (Eds.), Law for recreation and sport managers (3rd ed., pp. 138–148). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Gaskin, L., & Batista, P. J. (2007). Supervision. In D. Cotton & J. Wolohan (Eds.) Law for recreation and sport managers (4th ed., pp. 119–128). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Hanson, W. E., Plano Clark V. P., Petska, K. Creswell, J. Creswell, D. (2005). Mixed methods research design in counseling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(2), 224-235.
Hatch, J. A. (2002). Doing qualitative research in educational setting. SUNY Press.
Jeffs, T. & Smith, M. K. (2010). Youth work practice. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Jenkinson, H. (2010). The importance and benefits of supervision in youth work practice. Child & Youth Services, 31(3-4), 157-169.
Jordan, D. (2007). Leadership in leisure services (3rd ed.). State College, PA: Venture.
Kaiser, R. (1986). Liability and law in recreation, parks, and sports. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Lussier, R. N. (2013). Leadership: Theory, application, & skill development (5th ed). Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Morrongiello, B. A. & Schell, S. L. (2010). Child injury: The role of supervision in prevention. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 4(1), 65-74.
Mull, R. F., Beggs, B. A., & Renneisen, M. (2009). Recreation facility management: Design, development, operations, and utilization. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Patton, M. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Sawyer, T. H. (2013). Facility planning and design for health, physical activity, recreation, and sport (3rd ed). Urbana, IL: Sagamore.
Sherer, M., Maddux, J. E., Mercandante, B., Prentice-Dunn, S., Jacobs, B. and Rogers, R. W. (1982). The self-efficacy scale: Construction and validation. Psychological Reports, 51, 663-671.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Tash, M. J. (2000). Supervision in Youth Work. London: George Williams YMCA College.
Vance, F. (2010). A comparative analysis of competency frameworks for youth workers in the out-of-school time field. Child & Youth Care Forum, 39(6), 421-441.
van der Smissen, B. (1990). Legal liability and risk management for public and private entities (Vol. 2). Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.
van der Smissen, B. (2007). Elements of negligence. In D. Cotton and J. Wolohan (Eds.), Law for recreation and sport managers (4th ed., pp. 36-45). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Revised 7/16/2018. Revision Description: Removed outdated link.