Special Issue: Perspectives on Immigrant, Refugee, and Border Youth


  • Corliss Outley Texas A&M University, Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences
  • Jennifer A. Skuza University of Minnesota, Extension Center for Youth Development




immigrant, refugee, and border youth, youth development


The positive development of immigrant, refugee, and border youth is a significant issue among youth development researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. As evidenced by the papers in this issue, the field has made great strides in research and programmatic approaches and has begun to identify specific developmental pathways. This special issue is intended to ignite a spark in future research and programming, encouraging the field of youth development to further develop interdisciplinary perspectives that include not only a focus on immigrant, refugee, and border youth, but also include their voices.

Author Biography

Jennifer A. Skuza, University of Minnesota, Extension Center for Youth Development

Jennifer A. Skuza is the Assistant Dean at the University of Minnesota Extension Center for Youth Development. She is also a faculty member in the Youth Development Leadership program at the U of M. Dr. Skuza holds a PhD in work, community and family education from the University of Minnesota and studied international education at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic as a part of her doctoral program. Dr. Skuza also holds a master’s degree in intercultural communication. Her research is focused on global youth citizenship, immigrant youth and social and cultural foundations of education. 


Child Migration Data Portal. Retrieved June 5, 2019 from https://migrationdataportal.org/themes/child-and-young-migrants

Bejarano C. (2015) Fear, vulnerability, and death for children and youth at the US–México border. In: C. Harker, K. Hörschelmann, T. Skelton (Eds.), Conflict, violence and peace (GCYP, vol 11). Singapore: Springer. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-981-4585-98-9_10-1

Gabriel, M. G. (2019). Christian faith in the immigration and acculturation experiences of Filipino American youth. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 115-129. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.710

Langley, C. A., Powell, G. M., Liechty, T., Haller, W., & Anderson, D. (2019). Leisure experiences and social support systems of Latino students with DACA status. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 79-98. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.704

León, M. (2019). Immigrant youth in juvenile facilities: A state-by-state review of recreation programming. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 182-203. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.712

Manzano-Sanchez, H., Matarrita-Cascante, D., & Outley, C. (2019). Barriers and supports to college aspiration among Latinx high school students. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 25-45. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.685

Mata-Codesal, D., & Peperkamp, E., & Tiesler, N.C. (2015). Migration, migrants and leisure: Meaningful leisure? Leisure Studies, 34(1), 1–4.

Migration Policy Institute. (n.d.). Children in U.S. immigrant families. Retrieved June 18, 2019 from https://www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/data-hub/charts/children-immigrant-families

Moncloa, F., Erbstein, N., Subramaniam, A., & Diaz Carrasco, C. (2019). Guiding principles for reaching and engaging latinx youth in youth development programs. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 46-63. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.679

Monte Verde, P., Watkins, M., Enriquez, D., Nater-Vazquez, S., & Harris, J. C., Jr. (2019). Community youth development service-learning: trauma-informed and culturally responsive. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 99-114. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.714

Radford, J. (2019). Key findings about U.S. immigrants. Retrieved June 18, 2019 from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/06/17/key-findings-about-u-s-immigrants/

Rodriguez, D. X., Rodriguez, S. C., & Zehyoue, B. C. V. (2019). A content analysis of the contributions in the narratives of DACA youth. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 64-78. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.682

Skuza, J.A. (2005). Understanding the experiences of immigrant adolescents: Acculturation is not the same as assimilation. In P. Witt & L. Caldwell (Eds.), Recreation and youth development (pp. 384-405). State College, PA: Venture Publishing.

Skuza, J.A. (2007). Humanizing the understanding of the acculturation experience with phenomenology. Human Studies, 30 (1), 447-465. Retrieved at http://www.jstor.org/stable/27642813?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Skuza, J. A., (2019). Teens in the Somali diaspora: An evaluative program study. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 153-165. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.703

Stark, M. D., Quinn, B. P, Hennessey, K. A., Rutledge, A. A., Hunter, A. K., & Gordillo, P. K. (2019). Examining resiliency in adolescent refugees through the tree of life activity. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 130-152. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.692

Tzenis, J. A. (2019). Understanding youths’ educational aspirations in the Somali diaspora. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 10-24. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.717

U.S. House of Representatives Office of the Law Revision Counsel United States Code. (n.d.). 8 USC 1101: Definitions § 42 (refugee). Retrieved June 17, 2019 from http://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=granuleid%3AUSC-prelim-title8-section1101&num=0&edition=prelim

Wu, Y-J., Outley, C., & Matarrita-Cascante, D. (2019). Cultural immersion camps and development of ethnic identity in Asian American youth. Journal of Youth Development, 14(2), 166-181. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.708

Zong, J., & Batalova, J. (2017). Frequently requested statistics on immigrants and immigration in the United States. Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved from https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/frequently-requested-statistics-immigrants-and-immigration-united-states-6