Christian Faith in the Immigration and Acculturation Experiences of Filipino American Youth

M. Gayle Gabriel

Abstract


The Filipino immigration experience began in the Philippines via American-modeled schools and Spanish-enforced Christian Catholicism. However, that may not be the case for Filipino youth. The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of Christian faith in the immigration and acculturation of Filipino American youth. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 5 Filipino American emerging adults between the ages of 18 and 30 years old. Interview data went through 3 levels of coding and themes; several themes were developed. Results show that Christian faith was a powerful factor in acculturation experiences for Filipino American youth. The modeling of faith was pivotal in helping them navigate through difficult childhood experiences and in some cases mental health problems. Modeling of faith also largely determined participants’ own commitment to religious practices, such as attending daily mass or becoming part of a church organization. At a community level, Christian faith helped participants to establish community ties, which helped ease their transition into mainstream American culture. Based on the results of this study, Christian faith is an important coping factor for Filipino American youth. Christian faith allowed participants to feel a greater sense of connection to each other and to make connections with others in the United States. Christian faith shaped participants’ outlook on their lives and their day-to-day activities.


Keywords


immigrant; Filipino American; Christian faith; acculturation; immigration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baxter, P., & Jack, S. (2008). Qualitative case study methodology: Study design and implementation for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report, 13(4), 544-559.

Cherry, S. M. (2014). Faith, family, and Filipino American community life. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Chou, R. S., & Feagin, J. R. (2008). The myth of the model minority: Asian Americans facing racism. Boulder: Paradigm.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Espiritu, Y. L. 1995. Filipino American lives. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. New Brunswick, NJ: Aldine De Gruyter.

Gonzalez, J. J., III. (2009). Filipino American faith in action: Immigration, religion, and civic engagement. New York: New York University Press.

Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Martz, J., Mincemoyer, C., & McNeely, N. N. (2016). Essential elements of 4-H youth development programs: Curriculum and training guide. Chevy Chase, MD: National 4-H Council.

McNamara, K. & Batalova, J. (2015). Filipino immigrants in the United States. Migration Information Source. Retrieved from http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/filipino-immigrants-united-states-4

Merriam, S. B., & Tisdell, E. J. (2015). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Nadal, K. (2011). Filipino American psychology: A handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Patton, M. (2015). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

Pumariega, A. J., Rothe, E., & Pumariega, J. B. (2005). Mental health of immigrants and refugees. Community mental health journal, 41(5), 581-597. doi:10.1007/s10597-005-6363-1

Redfield, R., Linton, R., & Herskovits, M. J. (1936). Memorandum for the study of acculturation. American anthropologist, 38(1), 149-152. doi:10.1525/aa.1936.38.1.02a00330

Ruona, W. E. (2005). Analyzing qualitative data. In R.A. Swanson & E. F. Holton (Eds.), Research in organizations: Foundations and methods of inquiry (pp. 223-263). San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.

Samuel, J. & Rose, P. (2011). 4-H national Headquarters Fact Sheet: Essential Elements. Retrieved from : https://nifa.usda.gov/sites/default/files/resource/Essential_Elements.pdf

Sanchez, F., & Gaw, A. (2007). Mental health care of Filipino Americans. Psychiatric Services, 58(6), 810-815. doi:10.1176/ps.2007.58.6.810

Stake, R. E. (1995). The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Strauss, A. & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Tompar-Tiu, A., & Sustento-Seneriches, J. (1995). Depression and other mental health issues: The Filipino American experience. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. Retrieved from http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/18492216

Zong, J. & Batalova, J. (2018). Filipino immigrants in the United States. Migration Information Source. Retrieved from http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/filipino-immigrants-united-states




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jyd.2019.710

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 M. Gayle Gabriel

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.