Leisure Experiences and Social Support Systems of Latino Students With DACA Status

C. Austin Langley, Gwynn M. Powell, Toni Liechty, Willaim Haller, Denise Anderson

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the leisure experiences of undocumented Latino young adults with Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) status in order to note any potential links between leisure experience and success in reaching higher education. This population faces a unique set of challenges in their transition to adulthood and their pursuit of and access to higher education. Research suggests that 3 common factors among undocumented young adults who have been successful in reaching higher education are extra-familial mentors, positive social supports, and supplementary educational programming. This study used these 3 factors and the principles of contact theory to examine leisure experiences of undocumented young adults with DACA status. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 7 young adults with DACA status who were enrolled in higher education. The data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed thematically. Due to the difficulty accessing this population, snowball sampling was used beginning with a volunteer database from a local Hispanic Alliance. The results support previous literature that has identified constraints this population faces when striving for higher education, as well as the capacity of populations that experience disadvantages for leisure constraint negotiation. The findings show leisure and recreational pursuits support the development of the above mentioned 3-factor support system, helpful in reaching higher education, from previous literature and document a severe drop off of both leisure and recreation participation after high school graduation. Limitations of the study and implications for practice and future research are discussed.


Keywords


leisure Experiences; Latino; DACA

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrego, L. J. (2006). “I can’t go to college because I don’t have papers”: Incorporation patterns of Latino undocumented youth. Latino Studies, 4(3), 212-231. doi:10.1057/palgrave.lst.8600200

Abrego, L. (2008). Legitimacy, social identity, and the mobilization of law: The effects of Assembly Bill 540 on undocumented students in California. Law & Social Inquiry, 33(3), 709-734.

Abrego, L. J. (2011). Legal consciousness of undocumented Latinos: Fear and stigma as barriers to claims-making for first‐and 1.5-generation immigrants. Law & Society Review, 45(2), 337-370. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5893.2011.00435.x

Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Cambridge: Addison Wesley.

Arbona, C., Olvera, N., Rodriguez, N., Hagan, J., Linares, A., & Wiesner, M. (2010). Acculturative stress among documented and undocumented Latino immigrants in the United States. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 32(3), 362-384. doi:10.1177/0739986310373210

Carlin, J. (2008). Playing the enemy: Nelson Mandela and the game that made a nation. New York, NY: Penguin.

Contreras, F. (2009). Sin papeles y rompiendo barreras: Latino students and the challenges of persisting in college. Harvard Educational Review, 79(4), 610-632. doi:10.17763/haer.79.4.02671846902gl33w

Cravey, A. J. (2003). Toque una ranchera, por favor. Antipode, 35(3), 603-621. doi:10.1111/1467-8330.00341

Crawford, D. W. & Godbey, G. (1987). Reconceptualizing barriers to family leisure. Leisure Sciences, 9, 119-127. doi:10.1080/01490408709512151

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

DACA Information. (2019, February). Retrieved from University of California at Berkeley website: https://undocu.berkeley.edu/legal-support-overview/what-is-daca/

Devine, M.A. & O’Brein, M. B. (2007). The mixed bag of inclusion: an examination of an inclusive camp using contact theory. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 41(3), 201-222.

Dupuis, S. L. (1999). Naked truths: Towards a reflexive methodology in leisure research. Leisure Sciences, 21(1), 43-64. doi:10.1080/014904099273282

Emerson, M. O., Kimbro, R. T., & Yancey, G. (2002). Contact theory extended: The effects of prior racial contact on current social ties. Social Science Quarterly, 83(3), 745-761.

Farquharson, K., & Marjoribanks, T. (2003). Transforming the Springboks: Re-imagining the South African nation through sport. Social Dynamics, 29(1), 27-48. doi:10.1080/02533950308628649

Gándara, P. C., & Contreras, F. (2009). The Latino education crisis: The consequences of failed social policies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Gleeson, S. & Gonzales, R. G. (2012). When do papers matter? An institutional analysis of undocumented life in the United States. International Migration, 50(4), 1-19.

Gonzales, R. G. (2011). Learning to be illegal: Undocumented youth and shifting legal contexts in the transition to adulthood. American Sociological Review,76(4), 602-619. doi:10.1177/0003122411411901

Gonzales, R. G., & Chavez, L. R. (2012). “Awakening to a nightmare”: Abjectivity and illegality in the lives of undocumented 1.5-generation Latino immigrants in the United States. Current Anthropology, 53(3), 255-281.

Gonzales, R. G., & Ruiz, A. G. (2014). Dreaming beyond the fields: Undocumented youth, rural realities and a constellation of disadvantage. Latino Studies, 12(2), 194-216. doi:10.1057/lst.2014.23

Gonzales, R. G., Suárez-Orozco, C., & Dedios-Sanguineti, M. C. (2013). No place to belong: Contextualizing concepts of mental health among undocumented immigrant youth in the United States. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(8), 1174-1199. doi:10.1177/0002764213487349.

Höglund, K., & Sundberg, R. (2008). Reconciliation through sports? The case of South Africa. Third World Quarterly, 29(4), 805-818.

Jackson, E. L., Crawford, D. W. & Godbey, G. (1993). Negotiation of leisure constraints. Lesiure Sciences, 15, 1-11. doi:10.1080/01490409309513182

Kaufman, P., & Wolff, E. A. (2010). Playing and protesting: Sport as a vehicle for social change. Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 34(2), 154-175. doi:10.1177/0193723509360218

Kim, J. (2012). Exploring the experience of intergroup contact and the value of recreation activities in facilitating positive intergroup interactions of immigrants. Leisure Sciences, 34(1), 72-87. doi:10.1080/01490400.2012.633856

Lea-Howarth, J. (2006). Sport and conflict: Is football an appropriate tool to utilise in conflict resolution, reconciliation or reconstruction? Unpublished master’s dissertation, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK. Retrieved from https://www.sportanddev.org/sites/default/files/downloads/42__sport_and_conflict_reconciliation___ma_dissertation.pdf

Lyras, A., & Hums, M. A. (2009). Sport and social change: The case for gender equality. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 80(1), 7-21. doi:10.1080/07303084.2009.10598256

Mandela, N. (2000). Speech from the Laureus Lifetime Achievement Awards. Monaco. Available from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdopyAFP0DI

Mendez-Shannon, E. C. (2010). "We will always be in the shadows" - A qualitative descriptive study of undocumented Latino immigrants surviving in the United States (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Iowa, Iowa City.

Miller, N. (2002). Personalization and the promise of contact theory. Journal of Social Issues, 58(2), 387-410. doi:10.1111/1540-4560.00267

Nelson, L., & Hiemstra, N. (2008). Latino immigrants and the renegotiation of place and belonging in small town America. Social & cultural geography, 9(3), 319-342. doi:10.1080/14649360801990538

Olivas, M. A. (2009). Undocumented college students, taxation, and financial aid: A technical note. The Review of Higher Education, 32(3), 407-416. doi:10.1353/rhe.0.0068

Perez, W. (2010). Higher education access for undocumented students: Recommendations for counseling professionals. Journal of College Admission, 206, 32-35.

Pettigrew, T. F., Christ, O., Wagner, U., & Stellmacher, J. (2007). Direct and indirect intergroup contact effects on prejudice: A normative interpretation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 31(4), 411-425. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2006.11.003

Plyler v. Doe, 457 U.S. 202 (1982). Retrieved from http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=457&invol=202.

Portes, A., & Fernández-Kelly, P. (2008). No margin for error: Educational and occupational achievement among disadvantaged children of immigrants. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 620(1), 12-36. doi:10.1177/0002716208322577

Rublee, C. B., & Shaw, S. M. (1991). Constraints on the leisure and community participation of immigrant women: Implications for social integration. Loisir et société/Society and Leisure, 14(1), 133-150. doi:10.1080/07053436.1991.10715376

Rumbaut, R. G. (2004). Ages, life stages, and generational cohorts: Decomposing the immigrant first and second generations in the United States. International Migration Review, 38(3), 1160-1205.

Santos Gómez, H. J. H. (2010). California rural communities, farm worker settlement and citizenship practices: Playing soccer in the San Joaquin Valley (unpublished doctoral dissertation) University of California, Santa Barbara.

Schulenkorf, N. (2010). Sport events and ethnic reconciliation: Attempting to create social change between Sinhalese, Tamil and Muslim sportspeople in war-torn Sri Lanka. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 45(3), 273-294. doi:10.1177/1012690210366789

Seidman, I. (2012). Interviewing as qualitative research: A guide for researchers in education and the social sciences. New York, NY: Teachers college press.

Sharaievska, I., Stodolska, M., Shinew, K. J., & Kim, J. (2010). Perceived discrimination in leisure settings in Latino urban communities. Leisure/Loisir, 34(3), 295-326. doi:10.1080/14927713.2010.521319

Shinew, K. J. & Floyd, M. F. (2005). Racial inequality and constraints to leisure in the post-civil rights era: Toward an alternative framework. In E. L. Jackson (Ed.), Constraints to leisure (pp. 35-51). State college, PA: Venture.

Smith, B. E., & Winders, J. (2008). ‘We’re here to stay’: Economic restructuring, Latino migration and place-making in the US South. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 33(1), 60-72.

Stanton-Salazar, R. D. (2001). Manufacturing hope and despair: The school and kin support networks of US-Mexican youth. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Stodolska, M. & Yi-Kook, J. (2005). Ethnicity, immigration, and constraints. In E. L. Jackson (Ed.), Constraints to leisure (pp. 53-73). State College, PA: Venture.

Wiltse, J. (2007). Contested waters: A social history of swimming pools in America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Zhou, M. (2008). The ethnic system of supplementary education: Nonprofit and for-profit institutions in Los Angeles’ Chinese immigrant community. In M. Shinn & H. Toshikawa (Eds.), Toward positive youth development: Transforming schools and community programs, (pp. 229-251). doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.003.0013




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jyd.2019.704

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 C. Austin Langley, Gwynn M. Powell, Toni Liechty, William Haller, Denise Anderson

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.